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All about CHEMISTRY(important compounds and reagents IITJEE)
  • 1. Green vitiriol-----------------FeSO4.7H2O
    2. Laughing gas---------------N2O
    3. Oxone--------------------Na2O2
    4. Phosgene--------------COCl2
    5. Epsom salt-----------MgSO4.7H2O
    6. Freon--------------------CCl2F2
    7. Formalin---------------HCHO(aq)
    8. Adams catalyst-----------Pt+PtO
    9. Caliche--------------------NaNO2+NaIO3


    1. Water gas------------------------------CO+H2
    2. Gypsum--------------------------------CaSO4.2H2O
    3. Red Lead------------------------------Pb3O4
    4. Silver Tarnish-------------------------Ag2S
    5. Salt Cake-----------------------------Na2SO4
    6. White lead---------------------------BN
    7. Willemite---------------------------ZnO
    8. Oil Of Vitriol----------------------H2SO4
    9. Marshals acid---------------------H2S2O8
    10. Fentons Reagent-----------------H2O2+FeCl3
    11. Minium-------------------------Pb3O4
    12. White vitriol-----------------------ZnSO4.7H2O
    13. Lunar caustic----------------------AgNO3
    14. Mica-----------------------------KH2Al2(SiO4)3
    15. Ammonal----------------------------NH4NO3+Al
    16. Asbestos-------------------------CaMg3(SiO3)4
    17. Blue Vitriol-------------------------CuSO4.5H2O
    18. Berthlots salt----------------------------KClO3
    19. bleaching Powder----------------------CaOCl2
    20. Carbolic acid-------------------------C6H5OH
    21. Calomel-------------------------Hg2Cl2
    Lucas reagent---------------Hcl+ZnCl2(anhdrous)-----------distiguishes alcohol types.

    Hinsberg reagent-----------benzenesulphonyl chloride-------separation of amines.

    Nesslers reagent------------K2HgI4--------------------- detection of NH4+ ion.

    Tollens reagent-------------AgNO3+NaOH+NH4OH------------detection of CHO group.

    Molisch reagent-------------Napthol(alc.)-----------------detection of carbohydrates.

    Hofman reagent-------------diethlyl oxalate-------------separation of amines.

    Tildons reagent--------------nitrosyl choloride-----------detection of olefenic linkage.

    Benedicts reagent------------Alkaline Cu2++citrate ions---------detection of CHO group.

    Lithopone--------------ZnS+BaSO4------------- used as paint.

    Rectified spirit-------------90-95% ethanol------------

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