# SHM -1

Introduction

Natures follows periodicity. The day and night, fhe and death everything is repetitive. Periodic motion is the motion is the motion that repeats itself after a fixed period of time. There are many type of periodic motion; some of them is simple harmonic motion. In SHM, displacement velocity and acceleration all are sinusoids. I,e The can be represented in graphs important an fascinating chapter of mechanics.

It is a motion that repeats itself after regular time interval such that the force acting on it is directed towards a point over the linen (which it executes motion) and the force is also proportional to displacement of particle from that fixed point.

where

k = force constant

= a positive constant

m = mass of particle

x = displacement

__Terms associated with SHM and equation SHM: __

__(1) Amplitude: __it is the maximum displacement of from center of association.

__(2) Time period (T): __time period is the time interval in w3hich a complete association takes place. Time previous happens when the particle returns to its place and its velocity is also directed in same directions.

**why are their two conditions in above different of time period necessary.**

__Dumb questions:____Solution :-__

Suppose the block is extended initial by x to point F then replaced. Now initially the velocity is direct toward A. when it comes belong the path2. and crosses B, its velocity is directed toward A’ hence this time

__© Frequency end Angular frequency__

Frequency is reciprocal of ti,e period

Angular frequency is Also

__Equation of SHM:__

putting (constant)

Let constant

(4) Phase : (Ã˜); The quantity (wt +) is called the phase. This defines the position of a particle in SHM.

__Dumb Question :__How is time period an phase related ?

Solution:- Suppose for any SHM

Now

Hence after 2 phase change, the position of particle is same and its moving in same direction. Hence time period can be defined as the interval during which the phase changes by 2!

The term is called the phase o

Note that

So is a quantity totally dependentupon the initial values. (if w = const.)

So basically gives us the information about particle’s position, velocity etc at t = o.

Eg. Suppose the paticle is at extreme position in at t = 0 ; then phase

Hence the equation os SHM is :

__# Illustration :__A particle executes SHM of amplitude 5m. along X axis. At t = 0, its position is . and it moves the negative x direction.

Find if equation of SHM is .

__Solution:-__

Now velocity is -ve

So if

Now v is negative only for Hence

SHM can be easily understood as the y projection of a ball moving in circle of radius = Amplitude A.

If the angular velocity of balls is w then w = w/t